Water

Fresh, clean water is a precious resource. Only about 2.5% to 2.75% of all of Earth's water is freshwater, with more than half of it locked up in glaciers, ice, and snow. Climate change is already impacting water resources across the state with significant changes to snowpack, weather, sea level, and agriculture.

California last faced drought conditions in 2019, with an exceptional drought period from 2014-2017. By conserving water through appliance efficiency upgrades and conservation behaviors, you can reduce your personal and home water use, eliminate water waste, reduce greenhouse gas emissions from water delivery, and protect our water supplies for future generations.
Start by following these conservation tips from the California Department of Water Resources:

  • Install high-efficiency toilets, aerators on bathroom faucets, and water-efficient shower heads
  • Track your water bill and meter to curtail water use
  • Use dishwashers and washing machines with full loads only
  • Plant drought-tolerant/resistant plants and trees and recycle indoor water to use on plants
  • Replace your grass/turf with water-wise plants (check to see if rebates are available)
  • Water your outdoor landscape earlier in the day when temperatures are cooler
You can find other ideas and log your efforts on the Fremont Green Challenge platform.

​Local Water Supply

Fremont residents and businesses receive their fresh water supply from the Alameda County Water District (ACWD), which sources water from the California State Water Project, Hetch Hetchy Reservoir, and Alameda Creek Water-shed. The Union Sanitary District (USD) provides wastewater collection, treatment, and disposal services.

Conserving water means taking action on climate in Fremont. The transportation and treatment of water before and after consumption uses a significant amount of energy, contributing to local greenhouse gas emissions. Additionally, nitrous oxide (N2O) and methane (CH4) (both greenhouse gases) are produced from the organic material in wastewater systems.

Effective state policies, increased adoption of water efficient appliances and landscape management practices, and widespread conservation behavior have resulted in a drop in per capita water consumption in recent years.

ACWD Water Distribution Map.png

Resources for Drought and Water Conservation


Efforts to reduce the emissions resulting from the water sector include improvements in the efficiency of water transportation and treatment systems as well as reductions in per capita water consumption.

Additional Drought Resources